Indeed, Mother Africa is a blessed continent with an enormous amount of resources from forest to mineral resources.
For long this continent has remained in the dark despite its enormous potentials and endowment it has undergone several epitomic changes in history from the precolonial era of the early man and our forefathers to the colonial era of the slave trade and all sort of atrocities on the African race by their colonial masters to the postcolonial era still date.
African Resilience Against the Odds
Africans have proven to be very strong though limited in knowledge this so-called black continent has produced some of the finest and most skilled talents, intellectuals, and on.
Education in Africa remains the keys to a greater future, generally across the continent education has gained enough recognition and relevance although attendance rate is still low in certain countries within the continent which is based on certain inert factors
1. Belief: owing to our primitive historical background, there are still some outdated believes one is that education is only for the male child the female child is meant to be a housewive also the belief that empowering a woman through education is giving her power to override the man as the head of the house.
Going by this belief millions of young girls are relegated to the back and deprived their rights to education and a vast majority of jo population is made up of women hence indirectly depriving the active and majority of the population access to education.
The Issue of Increasing Poverty
Poverty: poverty has been the key driver to early marriages which led young girls been forced into marriages they are not prepared for worse of all they gave them out to old men old enough to be their fathers just for material gains and for them to act as a survival means to their poor families.
Most young, brilliant, and talented girls are sent out for marriage. Similarly, young boys are sent out to learn a trade so they can earn living and Carter for their families education is seen as a time-consuming endeavor hence education is not made a priority as their parents can’t afford it they are rather sent to learn a trade.
The little money they have is nearly enough to feed the entire family talkless to train them in school and most times an average African family consists of averagely 5 persons per family with such large family size it’s not easy to obtain a 3 squad meal per day talk more of educating the children.
3.Awareness; most African communities still have that old primitive mindset and are tied to their old practices most of them have not been enlightened and persuaded to see education as a necessary tool for the future nor as if it has a role to play in any aspect of their living. Hence value what is perceived and hold as acceptable in such a primitive society.
Thanks to the efforts of a certain organization, like UNESCO, UNICEF, UNITED NATIONS, and the African governments who have have been able to avert this situation and made education more affordable and available for all through the fight of early marriages and protection of the girl child.
Now there is gender equality both boys and girls are given equal opportunities to study and have access to quality and free education.
Despite these efforts the many that have been trained and are still been trained to face enormous challenges that hamper their full efficiency and productivity and their ability to maximize the best out of the educational institutions, been trained in.
African Studies faced enormous challenges or are deprived of tremendous opportunities as to those of the more developed countries. These challenges come in two-fold external and intraspecific obstacles.
External obstacles.: This is barriers that are institutionally based or beyond the students and they can’t do anything to change the situation it’s at the hands of their governments to change or remove such obstacles.
Full Educational Prospects
I won’t tend a blind eye to the efforts put in place by most African government together with other organizations to make education affordable and why not free for all despite these efforts a lot a still needs to do.
Our educational systems aren’t skill specific or career-oriented but rather more generalized even with the implementation of the technical and so-called professionalised program isn’t competent enough to withstand the competition in the 21st century as it is still more theoretical than practical.
Added to this our educational system does not allow room for passion-driven technicians quoting an example from the developed nation’s experts and technicians in a particular field can be traced from their childhood and they are allowed to follow the area of their interests all through their lives and they become so perfect that at times we from Africa can’t help but feel outshined each time we get in contact with them.
Again our educational systems don’t have placement programs for training professionals in their chosen field of studies. Students go through the university and graduate without any professional training in line with their field of studies.
This creates a vacuum in the job market as the required competence is not seen on the graduates been released from universities yearly this is a major cause of unemployment hence graduates will need to offer 1-3years to gain the necessary skills to suit the job market.
Again this goes a long way to hampers their chances of obtaining a scholarship or paid internship abroad, as their CVs are usually so empty and cant match up to the competition faced during the selection process hence they are mostly rejected and no end up demoralized.
African no doubt has some of the brightest and outstanding talents you can find on the globe yet this talent is not appreciated or allowed to flourish enough creativity is killed and discouraged.
This is evident by the government not supporting academic excellence or raw talents you find students performing excellently in their academic but they are not motivated by their government to move head this could be done through the award of scholarship grants and others which will motivate not just the current students but those behind them also will be motivated to hard work perform even better than their predecessors.
Similarly, raw talents are politized and hidden even when brought to the lamplight it’s given no attention, support nor any form of encouragement this hampers creativity and kills great dreams and talents. Again access to basic social amenities as in the western world is a problem in Africa.
Students can access free internet, laptops, test kits for experimentation, healthcare amongst others this plays a key role in hampering students’ performance and success.
Intraspecific barriers: this is barriers superimposed on Africans students themselves.
An average African student thinks he or she is cursed to be an African and believes their lives would have been much better been born in the Western World. They blame their government for everything and overly rely on them for everything they hardly think out of the box and are always afraid to take a risk and try opportunities they are always too careful and always afraid to fail this has kept and boxed them in one place for decades with just a few standing out from the crowd. Even the Bible says, as a man thinketh so is he we think as losers and we keep losing.
Absence of Capacity Building
Most African students today spent a greater part of their time on social media and tv they never take time out to read meaningful books, learn new skills online, or attend seminars. They are always so outdated in ideologies and narrow in their thoughts for them what will be will be.
They just fold their arms expecting something supernatural and divine to automatically change their situation and give them a better life forgotten to know that the future is a sum total of all collective decisions and actions taken today.
The future is created not just stepped into surprisingly. While the westerners spent time in Reading meaningful books, thinking critically to bring out great discoveries and innovations that would benefit them and their communities we seek for ways to get things done fast and easy.
African is indeed a blessed continent with so much to offer to the world though it faces severally challenges its potential of becoming a great contents not in doubt.
The challenges faced by students in this continent are enormous and vary across the continent with some countries facing more severe challenges and the others too a lesser degree.
But the facts remain that if these students can suppress the intraspecific barriers limiting their reach to opportunities the after external barriers will in no time be of no effect and Africa could be Africa could become an enable continent also.